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A child with an intellectual deficiency should be taught to read.
It can be a challenge to teach a child to read, but it can also be rewarding.As a result, they need to learn how to read differently, with an emphasis on sound, sight, and touch, because they are wired differently.In a quiet, controlled reading environment, they do best.It is possible to teach a child to respond well to reading with the right approach.
Step 1: The child should be taught in an area that is relaxing and quiet.
Children with special needs are sensitive to loud noises and sounds.A quiet spot in your home is a must for a child.If you are having a teaching session in a room, close the door and let people know so they don't make a lot of noise.It is possible to choose an area that the child finds comfortable and relaxing, such as their bedroom, kitchen table, or office.
Step 2: It is better to use a reading lamp than fluorescent lighting.
Children with special needs can be distracted by fluorescent lighting.Warm yellow light is better for reading than bright white light.The lamp should be placed close to the child on a table or desk.Natural light can be calming and relaxing for children with special needs.
Step 3: The child can be moved while they are learning.
When they are trying to focus on words and text, they tend to have a hard time sitting still.The child can move around on a swing, a rocker, or another type of chair.The child will feel less constrained while they learn if they move around.They can move their arms and fingers with a toy you give them.
Step 4: A padded vest is needed to help the child focus.
Some children with special needs have a hard time sitting still, even if they have something to play with or are allowed to move around.The pressure on the child will help to calm them, so it may be a good idea to get them a weighted vest.Ask your doctor to recommend a brand for the child.For 20 minutes at a time, put the vest on the child.They can become dependent on it if they are allowed to wear it for longer.
Step 5: If the child is learning to read, get books with big images.
Some children on the spectrum respond well to large images that are easy to follow.Children's books with bright, colorful and easy to see images are the ones to look for.Short phrases and lots of illustrations are ideal for children with special needs.You can use the large images in the books for a variety of teaching sessions.
Step 6: If the child is learning to read, read the books aloud.
Get in the habit of reading the books aloud to the child if they respond better to sounds and instruction.The child can be kept interested in the text by singing the words aloud.You can encourage the child to read and sing with you.Audio books can be a good option if the text is easy to follow.
Step 7: There are texts with rhyme and repetition.
Children with special needs respond well to words that flow well and sound appealing.Texts that rhyme and repeat the same phrases over and over again can help them learn.Rhyming and repetition can be used as teaching materials in books, poems and reading exercises.The child can learn certain words and phrases by reading the same texts over and over again.
Step 8: The child should be encouraged to say words.
The child learns by listening and repeating after you as you read the text.They can hear how the word sounds if they take their time and sound out each letter.It can be hard for a child to read a word and sound it out at the same time.If you want to have them repeat words after you, ask them to sound it out.
Step 9: The child can use textured items to spell out words.
A child can use their sense of touch to write out words with textured items.A letter made of materials like velvet, felt, or sandpaper can be used to form words.If the child has a favorite texture, try to integrate it into their reading sessions.
Step 10: The reading sessions should be short and focused on a single topic.
Short, easy to follow reading sessions are better for children with a hard time processing a lot of information at once.If you want to focus on one reading skill or example at a time, make the reading sessions 30 minutes.The child will be able to follow along during the session.You can choose to focus on 10 vocabulary words or 1 short storybook for 1 session.The child can focus for a long time.It might be time for a change in activity or a break if the child starts looking distracted.Ask the child when they are unsure.
Step 11: The reading session should be scheduled for the same time every day.
If the child is able to concentrate in the mornings, schedule a reading session every morning at the same time.If you go for a reading time before bed the child will be more relaxed.It's time for a reading session if the child is told to take out books and other supplies.Give them 5 minutes to prepare.
Step 12: Before moving to a new topic, review the previous sessions.
If a child is reminded of a previous lesson, they will move on to something new.Start every reading session with a short review of what was discussed in the previous one.You can move on to something new if the child is comfortable with the previous lesson.You can ask the child if they should review what they learned last time.
Step 13: Track the child's progress using a visual chart or log.
When a child reaches a new goal with a marker, note the colorful stickers, shapes, or tabs on the chart.The child can feel a sense of accomplishment if they put the marker on themselves.They can see the chart or log to help them progress and learn new skills.It is possible to make the child feel excited about learning how to read by using words of encouragement.
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