Autosomal dominant polycystic kidneys disease is a genetic disease.You can inherit the disorder from only one parent.50% of parents who have the disorder give it to their children.The kidneys and other organs form cysts that interfere with their function.lifestyle changes and proper medical care are important.
Step 1: The symptoms should be recognized.
Many people with the disease don’t know they have it until adulthood.If you have any of the following symptoms, go to the doctor.
Step 2: If you have a close relative with the disorder, consider it.
You have a 50% chance of having a parent with the same disease.There is a 50% chance that you will pass on the disorder to your children if you have it.Even if your partner does not have the disorder, you can pass it on to them.It is enough for one parent to pass it on.25% of people with the disorder have a grandparent with it.It is very rare for a family to have no history of the disorder.
Step 3: The doctor will check your kidneys.
The doctor can perform several tests to determine if you have cysts on your kidneys.If you think you may be pregnant, you should tell your doctor.There are possible tests.This procedure uses sound waves that are higher than we can hear to make a picture of your internal organs.The sound waves bounce off the tissues.The machine takes sound waves and converts them into a picture.This is not dangerous for you.The doctor can use gel on your skin to make a better connection between your body and the device.The procedure will take a few minutes.A scanned animal.X-rays are used to make pictures of your internal organs.A contrast material can be used to make the organs appear better on the x-ray images.This can be accomplished by swallowing a liquid or injecting it into a vein.You will lie on a table while the scanning takes place.There are noises coming from the machine.The doctor will communicate with you.The procedure will not hurt and will last about half an hour.A magnetic resonance exam.Magnetic fields and radio waves can be used to create images of your body.It is important that you tell the doctor if you have metal or electronic implants because this test uses magnets.This could be anything from a heart valve to a bullet fragment.Your doctor can give you a contrast material to make your kidneys look better.While the scans are being performed, you will lie on a table that moves into the scanning machine.The scans will not hurt, but you may hear noises.You can communicate with the doctor over a microphone if you lie still.Ask the doctor if you can get a sedative.
Step 4: Take care of your blood pressure.
Reducing the speed at which your kidneys are damaged is achieved by keeping your blood pressure under control.To make a custom health plan, talk to your doctor.There are ways to reduce your blood pressure.Reducing the amount of salt and fat you cook with is possible.If you want to avoid salting meats, try grilling, roasting, or baking them instead.Lean meats include poultry and fish.If you eat meat with a lot of fat, trim it off.You can increase the amount of fruits and vegetables you eat.They are high in fiber and low in fat.When buying canned fruits and vegetables, look for foods that have been canned in water.Don’t smoke.Smoking increases your blood pressure.Smoking can help lower your blood pressure.Join support groups, try nicotine replacement therapy, or residential treatment if you need help quitting.You should increase the amount of exercise you do.Discuss your condition with your doctor or physical therapist.In general, the Department of Health and Human Services recommends that people do 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 hours of high- intensity aerobic Activity, such as running, swimming, biking, or walking per week.You will be able to lower your blood pressure, manage your weight, and relieve stress with this.It’s a good idea to reduce stress.People’s blood pressure increases when they are stressed.If you have recently been diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease, it is likely to be very difficult.Try relaxing to help you cope.Some people find yoga, meditation, deep breathing, and visualization helpful.Take blood pressure medication.Make sure you give your doctor a complete list of all the other medications, vitamins, supplements, and herbal remedies that you are taking if he or she feels it is necessary for you to use medication to control your blood pressure.It is important that the doctor does not interact with each other.There are some medications that may be prescribed for people with polycystic kidney disease.A cough-like side effect can be caused by the drugs.If this happens to you, talk to your doctor about other options.
Step 5: Control pain.
Many people have chronic pain in their back or side.This can happen if the cysts are large.The cysts may need to be removed or drained if the pain is severe.Milder pain can be treated with drugs.Depending on the severity of your pain, the doctor may suggest an over-the-counter or prescription medication.More often than not, the latter two are used for chronic pain.Ibuprofen should be discussed with your doctor before you take it over the counter.It is possible that these medications affect your kidneys.
Step 6: Don’t treat stones from the kidneys.
If you drink a lot of fluid, you will be able to urinate frequently.It will help prevent stones from forming.Extracorporal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) can be used to break up the stones if they are too large.You may be able to pass the stones naturally once they are smaller.During this procedure, you will be given painkillers to relieve any pain.There is a Ureterorenoscopy.The doctor will insert a small scope into your body.The doctor can remove the stone or use a laser to break it up.This would be done with general anesthesia.
Step 7: Administer antibiotics to kill infections in the urinary tract.
Antibiotics, drinking plenty of water, and taking a painkillers are some of the things that can be done to treat urinary tract infections.If you develop a urinary tract infection, contact your doctor immediately.It is important to treat it immediately so that it doesn’t spread to the cysts.Your doctor may need to drain the cysts if this happens.There are some symptoms of a urinary tract infection that you should watch out for.
Step 8: Get checked for cysts.
Depending on the severity of the cysts, your doctor may suggest draining them and getting a transplant.
Step 9: Discuss what you want to do if your kidneys fail.
Your doctor will probably do a lot of blood tests.There are two major options if your kidneys fail.If your kidneys can no longer filter your blood, you need to have it done.Blood and waste products are removed during this procedure.There are two methods.You will need to have three treatments per week.Your blood will be sent to a machine that will take it to your body.The other option can be done at home while you sleep.A small catheter will be inserted into your abdomen.Waste products will be drawn into the fluid from the blood vessels of the peritoneal cavity.It takes less than an hour, but must be done four times a day.Your doctor will help you decide which method is best for you.A transplant of a kidneys.It may be necessary for you to receive a new organ.A close genetic match is what you will need.Good matches are often close relatives.