How To Manage Hyperglycemia

A primary symptom of diabetes is high blood sugar.Managing chronic hyperglycemia is important for health because it can cause harm to the body, especially smaller nerves and blood vessels.It's important to manage your diet, exercise and stress in order to get the best treatment for hyperglycemia.

Step 1: You can get a blood test if you see your doctor.

A standard blood test is ordered by your doctor as part of your annual checkup.For people under the age of 60 with no other medical conditions, or for people older than 60 who have a history, the ideal targets are between 100 and 140 mg/dL.Hyperglycemia is when your blood sugar levels are higher than the targets.Your doctor can conduct a special A1C blood test to measure your average blood sugars over the past two to three months.If you want to test your blood sugar at home, you can use a store-bought meter that can be used with your finger.If you're pregnant, your target blood sugar range changes as you get older.

Step 2: Talk to your doctor about your medication.

Once it's established that you have chronically high bloodglucose levels and not just temporary hyperglycemia from binging on sweets, your doctor will likely recommend syntheticinsulin-based medications.A hormone produced by the pancreas is used to shuttle blood sugar into tissues so it can be used for energy production.Injectable medicines and oral pills are used for hyperglycemia.Discuss the pros and cons of each with your doctor.Some drugs need to be refrigerated while others don't.You need to make sure that you are storing your injections correctly.If you have type 1 diabetes, you need to take your medication every day.Make sure that you take your medicine on time.If you're off, this could contribute to your hyperglycemia.Don't take too much medication because it can cause low blood sugar.Aggressive diabetic treatment can cause hypoglycemia.Discuss with your doctor how to prevent or counteract any side effects of your medication.

Step 3: Know what to do in an emergency.

If you or a friend or family member start to show the signs of severe hyperglycemia, you should get to the emergency department of the hospital as soon as you can to getinsulin and/or other diabetes medication.The risks of permanent organ and brain damage increase after a diabetes coma.You'll receive fluids at the hospital until you're rehydrated.The fluids help to keep your blood sugar in check.Along with fluids, you'll also get your charged minerals, which are needed for normal muscle, heart and nerve function.

Step 4: A balanced diet is low in sugars.

If you have diabetes or not, your diet has an impact on your blood sugar levels.Your blood sugar spikes when you eat refined sugars such as high fructose corn syrup because they are absorbed so quickly.Prepared foods are often high in sugar and should be avoided.Lean meats and fish, fresh veggies, whole grains and moderate amounts of fruits should be eaten, but avoid sugar-laden baked goods, ice cream, milk chocolate, candy and soda pop.

Step 5: Small meals should be eaten more often.

Your portion size can affect your blood sugar levels.If you want to avoid triggering hyperglycemia, eat four or six smaller meals per day.If you're washing your face with water, stick to meal portions that fit into the space created by cupping both hands together.Smaller portions don't raise the blood sugar levels as much as larger portions do.Eating smaller portions will allow you to get the energy you need throughout the day.It's important to stay within the amount of calories you should eat each day.You can use an online calculator to figure out how many calories you need to eat.

Step 6: You can add more fiber to your diet.

Eating food high in fiber will fill you up so you don't over- eat and risk developing hyperglycemia.If you lay off the veggie dips and processed cheese, Fibrous veggies won't spike your blood sugar levels, because they are very low in sugar.Some fruits, such as strawberries and apples, are low in sugar and can be good choices, but make sure they're not too ripe because the sugar content will be higher.Brown rice and whole wheat bread can be eaten with nuts or flaxseed.High fiber diet keeps cholesterol low and stimulates colon health.Women need 25 grams of fiber per day, while men need 38 grams.

Step 7: Regular exercise is not strenuous.

Don't push yourself too hard with strenuous exercise because it can stress your body and cause temporary hyperglycemia.For good exercise, stick with brisk walks, hiking, cycling, stair climbing and swimming.Exercise lowers blood sugar levels because it improves the cell's sensitivity to insulin and helps them burn calories.It is possible to get 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise a week.It takes about 30 minutes a week.If your hyperglycemia is so high that ketones are present in your urine, don't exercise at all.

Step 8: Take care of your stress.

Your body releases stress hormones, which cause a spike in blood sugar levels, during periods of high stress.Chronic stress leads to hyperglycemia and the risk of health problems, such as diabetes, because your body needs the extra sugar in the blood for quick bursts of energy.Reducing chronic stressors such as financial strain, job pressures, relationship difficulties and health issues can help you manage or avoid hyperglycemia.You can learn stress-relief practices such as meditation, tai chi, yoga, positive visualization and deep breathing exercises.elevation in blood sugar can be caused by physical stress injury, illness, or surgery.Treatment of this type of stress usually involves treatment of the underlying cause and a change to your diabetes treatment plan.

Step 9: Know the symptoms of hyperglycemia.

Hyperglycemia doesn't usually cause noticeable symptoms until theglucose values are more than 200.The symptoms can take several days or a few weeks to develop.Frequent urination, increased thirst, dry mouth, blurred vision, headaches, and reduced sexual desire are some of the early symptoms of hyperglycemia.If you notice any of the symptoms, you should make an appointment with your doctor as soon as you can to determine if you have hyperglycemia.If you know the early symptoms of hyperglycemia, you can treat it quickly and avoid future health issues.

Step 10: There are advanced symptoms of hyperglycemia.

Toxic ketones can build up in your blood and urine if early stages of hyperglycemia are not treated.Hyperglycemia can be deadly if not treated.When your body doesn't produce enough blood sugar, it breaks down fat to use for energy and produce toxic ketones.Chronic hyperglycemia can lead to nerve and circulation problems that can affect your eyes, kidneys, heart and feet over the long term.

Step 11: Hyperglycemia should not be confused with other conditions.

Hyperglycemia is similar to other serious conditions, such as a heart attack and pulmonary embolism, but it doesn't usually cause chest pain or referral pain down the left arm.Hyperglycemia takes many hours or even days to develop and escalate, whereas severe heart issues and pulmonary embolisms come on very quickly.Severe dehydration, central nervous system infection, a head concussion, extreme alcohol intoxication, and severe blood loss from a wound are some of the conditions that can mimic hyperglycemia.Your doctor will use blood tests to confirm hyperglycemia before starting treatment.

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