Preservatives, sanitising and disinfectant agents are used in modern embalming to temporarily prevent decomposition and restore a natural appearance for viewing a body after death.A mixture of these chemicals is known as embalming fluid and is used to preserve bodies of deceased persons for both funeral purposes and medical research.The period for which a body is embalmed depends on a number of factors.
The embalming fluid usually contains a mixture of several chemicals.The content of the two substances varies from 5 to 37 percent and from 9 to 56 percent.
In the United States, about 20 million liters of embalming fluid are used every year.
Embalming fluid can’t act as a source of food forbacteria because they cannot fix cellular proteins.Formaldehyde or glutaraldehyde can be used to fix tissue or cells by connecting a primary amine group in a molecule with a nitrogen molecule.The simulation of the appearance of blood flowing under the skin is created by the end result.
Modern embalming isn’t done with a single fixative.Instead, various chemicals are used to create a mixture which is unique to each case.For example, a body that needs to be repatriated overseas needs a higher index than one simply for viewing at a funeral home before cremation or burial.
Embalming fluid is injected into the body.In the case of the removal of fluids from the body using the arterial system, a specialty fluid known as cavity fluid may be used.
An arterial solution is a mixture of chemicals that is made to order for each body.”accessory chemicals” or co/pre-injectants are non-preservative chemicals in a solution.
Prior to the advent of the modern range of embalming chemicals a variety of alternative additives have been used by embalmers, but these are of limited effectiveness.
During the American Civil War, the Union Army used a technique that involved draining a corpse’s blood and embalming it with a fluid made with arsenic for preservation.
Specialty manufacturers make Embalming chemicals.The Hill Fluid Company was the oldest embalming fluid company founded in 1878.The 2nd oldest embalming fluid company is the Frigid Fluid Company, which was founded in 1892, followed by the Dodge Company in 1893.Smaller and regional producers are also present.The practice of funeral homes producing their own embalming fluids has declined in recent decades due to the availability of better quality products.
Pressure was brought to reduce the use of formaldehyde after the EU biocides legislation.Formaldehyde is a Class 1 carcinogen.There are alternatives to phenol-based fluids that are sanitising agents, but they are not widely accepted.The Champion Company created and distributed HCHO Free fluids and was the first to do so in the 1990s.The Dodge Company and The Champion sell those fluids.