Erlotinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) which is a type of cancer growth blocker. It blocks proteins on cancer cells that encourage the cancer to grow. These proteins are called epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR). If you have a cancer that has these receptors you are EGFR positive.
Is crizotinib a TKI?
Crizotinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) approved for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancers (NSLCL) and lymphomas expressing activating translocations or mutations of oncogenic tyrosine kinases (in particular ALK and ROS1).13 Apr 2019
What is EGFR mutation?
EGFR stands for epidermal growth factor receptor. It's a protein found on healthy cells. When cancer cells test positive for EGFR, it means the gene contains a mutation and is sending faulty instructions to the cells, allowing cancer to grow and spread.
Is crizotinib a tyrosine kinase inhibitor?
Low-Dose Crizotinib, a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, Highly and Specifically Sensitizes P-Glycoprotein-Overexpressing Chemoresistant Cancer Cells Through Induction of Late Apoptosis in vivo and in vitro.12 May 2020
Is crizotinib a Met inhibitor?
Crizotinib (PF-02341066), under development by Pfizer, is an orally bioavailable, ATP-competitive, small-molecule inhibitor of the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) c-Met (also known as hepatocyte growth factor receptor) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), for the potential treatment of cancers dependent on these
What is the mechanism of action for crizotinib?
Mechanism of action Crizotinib is an inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases including ALK, Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor (HGFR, c-Met), and Recepteur d'Origine Nantais (RON). Translocations can affect the ALK gene resulting in the expression of oncogenic fusion proteins.
Is crizotinib chemotherapy?
Crizotinib is the generic for the trade chemotherapy drug Xalkori. In some cases, health care professionals may use the trade name Xalkori when referring to the generic drug name crizotinib. Drug type: Crizotinib is a targeted therapy.
Is erlotinib a tyrosine kinase inhibitor?
Erlotinib, a small-molecule epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been shown to have potent antitumor effects against human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell growth; however, the mechanism of such an effect is not elucidated.
What class of drugs is erlotinib?
Erlotinib is in a class of medications called kinase inhibitors. It works by blocking the action of an abnormal protein that signals cancer cells to multiply. This helps slow or stop the spread of cancer cells.
What generation is erlotinib?
Three generations of EGFR TKIs are now approved for use in EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); the first-generation agents erlotinib, gefitinib, and icotinib; the second-generation ErbB family blockers afatinib and dacomitinib; and most recently, osimertinib, a third-generation EGFR TKI.15 Aug 2019