Finance and Business
Using patterns to sew.
It's a good idea to learn to sew with a pattern after sewing.Being able to sew using a pattern will allow you to create many items that can be sewn.The article explains how to sew.
Step 1: For the person wearing the garment, choose the right size.
If it's for you, have a friend measure you.The units you choose for measurement should not change as it may cause confusion while stitching.It won't be the same size as the ready-to-wear clothing you already own, as pattern sizing can vary considerably from what you're used to wearing.You can determine your size by looking at the back of the pattern envelope.The international code for sizes is followed by most pattern companies.
Step 2: Multi-sized patterns can be dangerous.
Some patterns are large.They will be suitable for a wide range of sizes, although they will usually give an indication of the size range.The pattern needs to be looked at for the markings of where to cut.
Step 3: Take the space for alterations.
All patterns have an allowance for fit, known as "fit or wearing ease, or "designer ease", if they are designed for fabrics that require this allowance.Since knit fabrics have natural stretch, the allowance is not included for garments designed for them.Look on the pattern itself for instructions on how to find the allowance or something similar.If you want to find the allowance, you need to compare the finished and body measurements.If you don't want the allowance that is included, or if you want to make it smaller or larger, you will need to look out for this.The garment's final size will be determined by this allowance, and whether the garment will fit tightly or not.Some companies have a standard allowance that matches the descriptions.You may not be ready to alter patterns for beginners, so it is better to ignore all of this.Take the final garment to a tailor if you're unsure.
Step 4: You should read the directions.
Every pattern comes with step-by-step instructions on a separate sheet, as well as a pattern template sheet.Before starting the sewing project, you should read the instructions in the user guide to be aware of what's expected.How to cut out the template sheet is one of the things that will be included in the advice.
Step 5: Make sure to check for seam allowances.
If the pattern is without seam allowances, check the instructions.You need to cut the fabric with the seam allowances if it doesn't include them.It is normal for seam allowances not to be included.
Step 6: Look at the grain lines.
The line has arrow heads at one or both ends.The direction the paper pattern pieces should sit over the grain of the weave is determined by the arrow.They might indicate the direction with most stretch fabrics.The direction of the selvage edges is the same as the grain line.To determine the direction of the fabric, locate the selvage edge.
Step 7: The notch is to be looked for.
There are marks on the cutting lines.If you want to match panels precisely, use them.You can get all of them.Beginners should cut mirrored triangles beyond the cut line if they want to line up the pattern pieces.A double notch indicates the back of a garment while a single notch shows the front.This is not universal.
Step 8: You can find the dots.
These little circles can show where darts, zips, pockets, or gatherings are to be added, though they usually indicate where you need to place tacks in order to line up two layers of fabric.Refer to your instructions if you are not sure.It is reasonable to assume that the two dots on the opposite side of the pattern are related.The zig-zag line is used to indicate the lines.
Step 9: There are button markings to look for.
Button placement is usually shown with an X, while buttonholes are marked with a brackets line, similar to the number lines you drew in your math classes.
Step 10: Lengthening and shortening lines are things to look for.
The parallel lines show where you can increase or decrease the size of the pattern to improve fit.It's always a good idea to read your pattern instructions to understand how to deal with these.
Step 11: The cutting lines can be used.
The line is solid on the outside.You should follow this line.You will see a lot of lines when it isn't solid.A number of different sizes can be cut by following a specific pattern line.The size is listed on the line or in the instructions.
Step 12: Check for sewing lines.
This broken or dotted line can be used to indicate where the sewing takes place.If you don't see it, it's because there is a standard understanding that the sewing occurs 15mm inside the cutting line.
Step 13: Put your hands in the darts.
A dart is usually indicated by a large triangle or diamond shape in your pattern.The fabric is shaped by darts to fit around the curved form.
Step 14: There are fold lines.
The lines indicate where a piece of fabric should be folded, not cut.Don't cut along this line.
Step 15: Take out the pattern pieces.
Cut out the pattern pieces you need to use.You can use the solid line on the pattern pieces to cut the fabric.Cut out paper sewing patterns with a pair of scissors.There are two pairs of long scissors earmarked for cutting out fabric.Sharp scissors are needed to cut fabric.If you slip and make a cut where you shouldn't, tape it back in place as best you can.You can still read the markings if the shape is retained.If you want a stiffer pattern to use, you can transfer the final cut-out pattern onto card-stock or cardboard.
Step 16: The user guide tells you how to lay out the patterns.
The pattern pack contains a fabric layout guide for each item.The layout can be different depending on whether the fabric is "with nap" or not.The up-and-down nature of a print is what the term "nap" refers to.The pattern pieces should be pinned to the fabric.You will usually pin the pieces together using a seam allowance.Don't forget to double-check the seam allowance in the pattern because not all patterns use 15mm.You can use pattern weights to make sure you don't damage delicate fabric.Half of the garment will be yours now.A friend can help you check the fit and make any needed alterations.
Step 17: The pattern should be marked and cut.
Tailor's chalk or a tracing wheel can be used to mark the pattern.If you don't know what you are looking at, you can make tape labels for the back of the pattern pieces.
Step 18: For a first-time sewing project, choose a simple pattern.
It is easier to learn how to use the pattern if you are less complicated.If you want to know if the pattern interests you, read the description on the packaging, which will include suggestions for wearing or use.In addition to the overall description, the details about the garment or item are often on the back of the pattern envelope and will help guide you on fit and style.
Step 19: Make sure you like it.
You should find an image of the completed item on the pattern you buy.A photograph of the completed garment or item will be on the front of most patterns.The images will usually show the variations such as different sleeve lengths and different styles.Refer to photographs over drawings when trying to get an idea of how a finished garment will look.
Step 20: The pattern has a difficulty level.
There should be an indicator of difficulty on the package.There is an indication of suitability from beginner to advanced by some pattern companies.Don't bite off more than you can chew.
Step 21: Don't wear lined garments.
It's too advanced for the beginner to try anything lined with another fabric.Start with simple pieces like A-line skirts or basic tops, and work on them until you are comfortable with your skills.
Step 22: Pick the fabric and supplies you need.
The back of the pattern tells you which fabric to use for the sewing project.There are warnings for fabrics that are not suitable, as well as a range of fabric types.If you try to use fabric not suited for the pattern in question, you may have a bad experience, as this gives you wiggle room to purchase fabric that you like, or that's within budget, etc.The amount of fabric will be noted, as it gives an indication of the cost if you need to buy it, or it can help you to decide whether you have enough fabric at home already.
Step 23: You need to get all the sewing notions.
The extras are required to complete the pattern.The size, length, and number of such notions are usually made clear.
Step 24: Be aware of the usage of fabric.
Once you're more comfortable using patterns, you will want to find better ways to cut the fabric.You can save a lot of money if you use patterns that are generous.You won't have the skills to judge where to cut in the beginning.
Step 25: It is possible to learn to use a sewing machine.
A sewing machine is important for sewing some patterns.
Step 26: It's a good idea to learn to hand-stitch.
If you can build the skill, hand sewing can make some patterns or parts of patterns easier to sew.
Step 27: There are button holes.
Learning to sew buttonholes is a very useful sewing skill.
Step 28: A nice seam can be made.
Making a professional-looking seam is an important sewing skill.
Step 29: You can change your clothes.
It is necessary to learn how to change patterns and clothes over time.
- How to get the seam line right every time is covered in theUltimate Guide to Seam Allowances.
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